Cómo evitar la muerte de cultivos frente a altas temperaturas

Heat stress induces ferroptosis-like cell death in plants

Ayelén Mariana Distéfano, María Victoria Martin, Juan Pablo Córdoba, Andrés Martín Bellido, Sebastián D’Ippólito, Silvana Lorena Colman, Débora Soto, Juan Alfredo Roldán, Carlos Guillermo Bartoli, Eduardo Julián Zabaleta, Diego Fernando Fiol, Brent R. StockwellScott J. Dixon, Gabriela Carolina Pagnussat

Journal of Cell Biology,

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Gabriela Pagnussat y sus colaboradores, que trabajan           en el Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas (IIB-CONICET, UNMdP) de Mar del Plata, descubrieron que la exposición de plantas a elevadas temperaturas promueve un tipo de muerte celular dependiente de hierro y que su inhibición permite la supervivencia a condiciones extremas.Los resultados fueron publicados en el Journal of Cell Biology.

Abstract      In plants, regulated cell death (RCD) plays critical roles during development and is essential for plant-specific responses to abiotic and biotic stresses. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent, oxidative, nonapoptotic form of cell death recently described in animal cells. In animal cells, this process can be triggered by depletion of glutathione (GSH) and accumulation of lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS). We investigated whether a similar process could be relevant to cell death in plants. Remarkably, heat shock (HS)–induced RCD, but not reproductive or vascular development, was found to involve a ferroptosis-like cell death process. In root cells, HS triggered an iron-dependent cell death pathway that was characterized by depletion of GSH and ascorbic acid and accumulation of cytosolic and lipid ROS. These results suggest a physiological role for this lethal pathway in response to heat stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. The similarity of ferroptosis in animal cells and ferroptosis-like death in plants suggests that oxidative, iron-dependent cell death programs may be evolutionarily ancient.

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